Increasing human population and rapid urbanization are negatively affecting the natural resources throughout the world. Many other factors related to development either natural or human- induced lead to rapid declines in the natural resources including the flora and fauna. Telangana State geological being land locked is a home to many unique Gondwana elements that are restricted to the peninsular India. Osmania university proposes to establish the Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Studies to provide a platform for conducting research to prepare inventories of biological resources, understand threats to the habitats and the species and propose mitigation actions. This centre will act as a liaison between the State Forest Department and citizens.